The Ficus carica, better known as the fig tree, has its origin in Western Asia and the Middle East. The tree has spread through the Mediterranean region since antiquity, thanks to human migration and trade. It owes its optimal growing conditions to this area.
The Ficus carica is a deciduous tree that can grow up to 10 meters high. The plant's leaves are large, palmately lobed and have a rough surface. The fruits, called figs, are pear-shaped and can vary in colour, from green to purple, depending on the variety. The tree's flowers are inconspicuous because they develop inside the fruit.
The Ficus carica prefers a sunny, warm location and prefers well-draining soil. The plant is moderately resistant to severe cold, and young trees need protection during frost. The fig tree is notably resistant to drought. When caring for this plant, it is also important to take the fruit formation into account, which depends on sufficient warmth during the growing season.